Shiraz is a French black grape variety that is thick-skinned and has small berries. The different climates have a big influence on the flavour and aroma profiles of the wines. Warmer climate wines tend to be full-bodied, high alcohol wines with ripe flavours of cooked black fruits and liquorice. These are commonly found in South Africa. Oak maturation adds smokiness and spice flavours, as well as softening the tannins. Tertiary flavours that develop are meaty, leathery, earthy and dried-fruits.